Historical Sculpture in Bangladesh 


Bangladesh has many historical sculpture. Most of this is related to the Language movement 1952 and Liberation War 1971. Here is some historical sculpture details.

1. Central Shahid Minar

Sculpture of Bangladesh
Central Shahid Minar

General Information:

Type :                 Monument
Architectural style :      Modern
Location :             Dhaka, Bangladesh
Height:                  14 m (46 ft)
Architect:             Hamidur Rahman (artist)



The Language Movement advocating the recognition of the Bengali language as an  Official language of the then Dominion of Pakistan
in order to allow its use in government affairs.  The continuation of its use as a medium of education, its use in media, currency and stamps, and to maintain its writing in the Bengali script.

When the Dominion of Pakistan was formed by the Partition of India in 1947, it was composed of various ethnic and linguistic group,with the geographically noncontiguous East Bengal province having a mainly Bengali people.

In 1948, the Government of the Dominion of Pakistan ordained Urdu as the national language, sparking extensive protests among  the Bengali-speaking majority of East Bengal. Facing rising sectarian tensions and mass discontent with the new law, the government outlawed public meetings and rallies.

The students of the University of Dhaka and other political activists defied the law and organised a protest on 21 February 1952. The movement reached its climax when police killed student demonstrators on that day. The deaths provoked widespread civil unrest.

After years of conflict, the central government relented and granted official status to the Bengali language in 1956.

In 1999, UNESCO declared 21 February as International Mother Language Day in tribute to the Language Movement and the ethno-linguistic rights of people around the world.


2. National Martyrs Memorial (Jatiya Smriti Saudha)

Sculpture of Bangladesh
National Martyrs

General Information

Type :                    Public monument
Location:              Savar, Bangladesh
Construction started:       1978
Completed:          1982
Height :                 150 feet (46 m)
Architect:              Syed Mainul Hossain



National Martyrs’ Memorial is the national monument of Bangladesh. It set up in the memory of the valour and the sacrifice all of those who gave their lives in the Liberation War of 1971, which brought independence and separated Bangladesh from Pakistan.

The architecture is composed of seven pairs of triangular-shaped walls or prisms. The outermost pair being the shortest in height but widest in span, the inner pairs gradually change their aspect ratio and the innermost pair thus forms the peak point of the architecture.

Each of these seven pairs of walls represents a significant chapter in the history of Bangladesh, namely the Language Movement in 1952, the Election of United Front in 1954, the Constitution Movement in 1956, the Education Movement in 1962, 6-point Movement in 1966, the Mass Uprising in 1969, and finally the climatic event of Liberation War in 1971, through which Bangladesh was liberated.



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