National symbols of Bangladesh
The national symbols of Bangladesh consist of symbols to represent Bangladeshi traditions , cultural life and history. Bangladesh has several official national symbols including a historic document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, memorial towers as well as several national heroes.
Bangladesh has also national symbols of animal, birds, fruits, flower, fish etc. Description given at below.
The national flag of Bangladesh was adopted officially on 17 January 1972 . It consists of a red disc on top of a green field, offset slightly toward the hoist so that it appears centred when the flag is flying. The red disc represents the sun rising over Bengal, and also the blood of those who died for the independence of Bangladesh. The green field stands for the lushness of the land of Bangladesh.
The magpie robin is the national bird of Bangladesh. Commonly known as the doyel or doel .They are common birds in urban gardens as well as forests. They are particularly well known for their songs and were once popular as cagebirds.
Scientific name is Copsychus saularis
The Royal Bengal Tiger is the national animals of Bangladesh.The tiger is the most numerous tiger subspecies in Asia, and was estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals by 2011. Since 2008, it is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List and is threatened by poaching, loss and fragmentation of habitat. None of the Tiger Conservation Landscapes within its range is considered large enough to support an effective population of more than 250 adult individuals.
The ilish is national fish of Bangladesh. Ilish fish is migratory kind of fishes.Ilish fishes come from the channel (mouth) of rivers from the sea due to spawn in the Bangladesh. After laying eggs they returned to the sea. From six to seven months these young Hilsha fishes stay in the rivers or channels and then they go to the sea being maturity. Hilsha fishes are found almost all the big rivers in Bangladesh. Mainly Hilsha fishes are found in the Padma, Meghna, Jomuna, Brohmoputra and low land area of Southern part of Bangladesh.
The jack fruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh. It is native to parts of South and Southeast Asia and widely cultivated in tropical regions of Bangladesh. It is grows all over in Bangladesh, mainly on the hilly area of Chittagong, Sylhet and on the highland of Gazipur, Mymensingha, Tangail, Comilla and Jessore. Jackfruit is native to parts of Southern and Southeast Asia.
Scientific name is Artocarpus heterophyllus
The national flower of Bangladesh is white lily , commonly known as Shapla.
‘White’ is the symbol of ‘purity’. Bangladesh is a land of rivers and ‘Shapla’ grows in winter. So the ‘ Shapla’ which is designed to be the national flower of our country has found its rightful position.