Flora world : Sundari tree

Sundari Tree

Discription

Sundari  is a common or local  name . Its binomial name is Heritiera fomes. It is a small to medium sized evergreen tree. It is the dominant mangrove tree species of the Sundarbans of Bangladesh and West Bengal of India and Arakan. World largest mangrove forest  Sundarban, is in Bangladesh, here about 70% trees are Sundari.It is a major timber producing tree. It is medium sized tree growing to a height of 15 to 25 metres,trunk straight, leaves elliptic. The dark green leaves have short petioles and are grouped toward the ends of the branches.

According to Troup 1921, Zabala 1990b, “the species grows in regions with a warm equable climate of 7.22°C to 37.78°C and heavy rainfall of 1600 mm to 5334 mm”.Its roots are shallow and spreading and send up pneumatophores and blind root sucker.

Heritiera fomes flowers in March and April (Rahman1982).The flowers of Sundari are small, orange-coloured,unisexual, borne in lax tomentose panicles up to 18 centimetres long. Fruits are ellipsoid, 2.5 centimetres long.The seeds should be collected in July and can be down directly and it seeds clean average 44 to 53 per kg.

Germination types of Sundari tree is hypogeous and occurs soon after the carpels fall. Seed germinate in 7 to 10 days with germination slower during the dry season (Alim 1979).

The wood is very hard and close-grained, the sapwood is pale, the heartwood is dark red, and the pores are moderate sized to large , often oval and subdivided into compartments (Gamble 1922).

Uses

Timber has many uses , in bridge building, house construction and boat building and in making hard-board,furniture,bodies of buses and trucks, handles of tool, fuel wood for cooking,burning bricks etc.The fruits of Sundari are considered stomachic and tonic. It seeds are used in medicinal plant of India is given to relieve dysentery and diarrhoea. It also used as a relief for pain and diabetes in folk medicine.

Scientific classification

Kingdom : Plantae

Phylum : Angiosperms

Order : Malvales

Family : Malvaceae

Genus : Heritiera

Species : H.fomes 

Reference

Wikipedia

Banglapedia

Part|| -Species Descriptions •Heritiera comes Buch-Ham

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